Roman Empire, CARACALLA, AD 198-217, AE Sestertius

$ 325.00

Roman Empire, CARACALLA, AD 198-217, AE Sestertius

Slabbed by - NGC #5771974-004

GRADE - VG, Edge marks

TTI-554621

Some History:

Caracalla

From Wikipedia...



Caracalla
White bust
Roman emperor
Reign 28 January 198 – 8 April 217
Predecessor Septimius Severus
Successor Macrinus
Co-rulers

Born Lucius Septimius Bassianus
4 April 188
Lugdunum
Died 8 April 217 (aged 29)
On the road between Edessa and Carrhae
Spouse Fulvia Plautilla
Names
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus
Regnal name
Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus[1]
Dynasty Severan
Father Septimius Severus
Mother Julia Domna

Caracalla (/ˌkærəˈkælə/ KARR-ə-KAL;[2] 4 April 188 – 8 April 217), formally known as Antoninus (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus), was Roman emperor from 198 to 217. He was a member of the Severan dynasty, the elder son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna. Co-ruler with his father from 198, he continued to rule with his brother Geta, emperor from 209, after their father's death in 211. His brother was murdered by the Praetorian Guard later that year, supposedly under orders from Caracalla himself, who then reigned afterwards as sole ruler of the Roman Empire. He found administration to be mundane, leaving those responsibilities to his mother, Julia Domna, to attend to. Caracalla's reign featured domestic instability and external invasions by the Germanic peoples.

Caracalla's reign became notable for the Antonine Constitution (Latin: Constitutio Antoniniana), also known as the Edict of Caracalla, which granted Roman citizenship to all free men throughout the Roman Empire. The edict gave all the enfranchised men Caracalla's adopted praenomen and nomen: "Marcus Aurelius". Domestically, Caracalla became known for the construction of the Baths of Caracalla, which became the second-largest baths in Rome; for the introduction of a new Roman currency named the antoninianus, a sort of double denarius; and for the massacres he ordered, both in Rome and elsewhere in the empire. In 216, Caracalla began a campaign against the Parthian Empire. He did not see this campaign through to completion due to his assassination by a disaffected soldier in 217. Macrinus succeeded him as emperor three days later.

The ancient sources portray Caracalla as a tyrant and as a cruel leader, an image that has survived into modernity. Dio Cassius (c. 155 – c. 235) and Herodian (c. 170 – c. 240) present Caracalla as a soldier first and an emperor second. In the 12th century, Geoffrey of Monmouth started the legend of Caracalla's role as the king of Britain. Later, in the 18th century, the works of French painters revived images of Caracalla due to apparent parallels between Caracalla's tyranny and that ascribed to Louis XVI of France (r. 1774–1792). Modern works continue to portray Caracalla as an evil ruler, painting him as one of the most tyrannical of all Roman emperors.