|Year Range from||1861|
|Year Range to||1865|
|Description||Civil War Kepi. Blue wool with N.G.V. Insignia at front. Black leather brim. Gilt buttons on either side. Marked: "Raymold Whitlock, 39 West 14th St. New York" inside. Belonged to General Horace Henry Baxter of Rutland, Vermont.|
Baxter, Horace Henry
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
|Credit line||Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Richard S. Baxter|
Possible 4th New York, A Company Heavy Artillery Regiment Civil War-Plains Indian War or GAR Kepi
A Good Antique (possible) 4th New York, A Company Heavy Artillery Regiment Civil War-Plains Indian Wars or GAR Kepi circa, 1860-1870's. In stable overall condition with scattered mothing. Federal Eagle buttons. Leather chin strap is missing. Top of kepi has "Crossed Cannons" and "A" and the front has "4" (4th Regiment, A Company). The sweat band is missing. The head liner is intact. A great looking Kepi that looks the part ready for display.
Note: There is conflicting information regarding the maker: "Raymold & Whitlock, 39 West 14th St. New York". Depending on what book or internet source you read, some have this firm during the Civil War and some have it as post Civil War. Exactly when this Kepi was made is anyone's guess. Researching...
Some History on the "4th Heavy Artillery Regiment, A Company", Battery A - mustered in November 1861.
4th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment
|4th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment, U.S. Volunteers|
|Active||November 1, 1861, to September 26, 1865|
|Branch||Heavy artillery & Infantry|
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of North Anna
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
First Battle of Deep Bottom
Second Battle of Deep Bottom
Second Battle of Ream's Station
Battle of White Oak Road
Third Battle of Petersburg
Battle of Sailor's Creek
Battle of Appomattox Court House
The 4th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment, U.S. Volunteers was a heavy artillery regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment operated as both heavy artillery and infantry beginning in February 1862 while serving in the defenses of Washington, D.C. and continued in both capacities until the end of the war.
The regiment was organized at New York City, New York beginning November 1861 through February 1862 and mustered in at Port Richmond, Staten Island for three years service under the command of Colonel Thomas Donnelly Doubleday. The regiment was designated as the 1st New York Heavy Artillery on January 27, 1862, and soon renamed 4th New York Heavy Artillery on February 8, 1862. Four batteries from the 11th New York Heavy Artillery were assigned to the regiment on July 25, 1863, as Batteries I, K, L, and M.
Battery A - mustered in November 1861
Battery B - mustered in November 1861
Battery C - mustered in December 1861
Battery D - mustered in January 1862
Battery E - mustered in February 1862
Battery F - mustered in February 1862
Battery G - mustered in January 1862
Battery H - mustered in January 1862
The regiment was attached to Military District of Washington to May 1862. Whipple's Command, Military District of Washington, to October 1862. Abercrombie's Division, Defenses of Washington, to February 1863. Abercrombie's Division, XXII Corps, Department of Washington, to April. 1st Brigade, DeRussy's Division, XXII Corps, to May 1863. 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, XXII Corps, to December 1863. 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, XXII Corps, to March 1864. Artillery Brigade, VI Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May 1864 (consisting of Batteries C, D, L, and M, organized as 1st Battalion). Artillery Brigade, V Corps, to May 1864 (consisting of Batteries E, F, H, and K organized as 2nd Battalion). Artillery Brigade, II Corps, to May 1864 (consisting of Batteries A, B, G, and I organized as 3rd Battalion). Artillery Brigade, II Corps, May 31 to June 25, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (1st Battalion). 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (2nd Battalion), June 25 to July 13, 1864. Artillery Reserve to August 1864. Unattached, 1st Division, II Corps, to September 1864. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps, to March 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps, to June 1865. 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, XXII Corps, to August 1865. 2nd Brigade, Department of Washington, to September 1865. Battery I with Artillery Brigade, II Corps, July to December 1864. Battery L with Artillery Brigade, II Corps, July 1864, to March 1865. Battery C with Artillery Brigade, II Corps, October 1864 to May 1865.
The 4th New York Heavy Artillery mustered out of the service at Washington, D.C. on September 29, 1865.
Left New York for Washington, D.C., February 10, 1862. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D. C., until March 1864. Action at Lewinsville, Va., July 6, 1862, and October 1, 1863 (detachment). Rapidan Campaign May–June, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5–7, Spotsylvania May 8–12, Piney Branch Church May 8 (2nd Battalion), Laurel Hill May 10 (3rd Battalion), Spotsylvania Court House May 12–21, Landron's Farm May 18 (1st Battalion), North Anna River May 23–26. On line of the Totopotomoy May 28–31. Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 16–18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22–23, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27–28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (reserve). Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14–18. Ream's Station August 25. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm, September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27–28. Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run December 9–10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5–7, 1865. Watkin's House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road March 31. Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3–9. Amelia Springs April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 2–12. Grand Review of the Armies May 23. Duty in the defenses of Washington until September.
The regiment lost as a total of 454 men during service; 8 officers and 108 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 343 enlisted men died of disease.
- Colonel Thomas Donnelly Doubleday - resigned, 1863
- Colonel John Caldwell Tidball
A Similar Example made by the same maker is in the BENNINGTON MUSEUM ART HISTORY INNOVATION